Monday, April 30, 2018
Agricultural scientists talked about food production, food processing, food-security and now food-safety. Much had been discussed and efforts were taken to increase food production by improving the crop cultivars, agricultural practices and popularizing them to the beneficiaries like the farmers who depend mainly on the seasonal rains and market prices. To an extent the food production in India is somewhat satisfactory.
The food processing has taken a leap in preservation and increasing the shelf-life of food products. The attempt in this direction has led to processing industries linked with food production. Where ever such link exists the chain is moving alright. The processing industries and the supply chain have provided million of jobs for the skilled persons. grown providing self-employment to a large number of housekeepers both in urban and Food processing as a cottage industry has also rural areas.
Food-security is another important area considered by agricultural scientists and economists. The term ‘food-security’ was defined at the 1974 World Food Conference. “It is the availability at all times of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food consumption and to offset fluctuations in production and prices.” Later in 1996, World Food Summit stated that “food-security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” Food insecurity occurs when food production is affected by natural calamities such as drought, floods, fire etc. Also war, political instability, poor economic policies and famine caused by all these calamities bring food insecurity. So, sufficient stocks of food grains are stored by every government in its warehouses. So food-security is invariably taken care by respective governments and in small scales the families themselves.
The fourth important aspect much talked about and greater awareness created is the food-safety. It concerns the life and death of the consumers. Food-safety has to be taken care of at all levels like food production and food processing. Food provides energy to body and health to humans and animals. So, safe food is essential to energize these living beings. Sometimes we do find contaminated food items with toxic substances such as pesticides, heavy metals, some alkaloids and pathogens like bacteria, mould and fungi. Even some of the preservative and additives of the processed food may cause allergy to some people. There are food acts which give the clear-cut details about food-safety.
Of late, because of the concerns about food-safety, the concept of organic agriculture is popularized and more and more people started talking about food-safety. They consider that organically produced fresh food is safe to eat and also good for health. Rules and guidelines have been designed to grow and certify organic foods. Here and there in every city we do find some shops selling organic vegetables, fruits, grains and many other items. They claim that those produce are organically produced and processed and explain that they are safe to consume. Such organic products are costly because the yield of such crops is reduced by 30% by organic cultivation. Anyway food-safety is an important consideration we, the humans have to pay attention because we hear everyday death of people and animals due to food poisoning. Agricultural scientists are aware about the above mentioned four important aspects of food and they should take appropriate measures to tackle the ticklish problems.
There is a growing movement comprised of tens of millions of people (sometimes referred to as "Cultural Creatives"), who are open to new experiences and ideas and interested in leading lives that are fulfilled through connection rather than materialism or tribalism.
This movement seems primed to embrace the hard work of true global awareness that resists a largely self-centered worldview in favor of an expansive, we-are-all-neighbors perspective. It's an exciting shift with great promise. Yet this movement, so ripe for producing solutionaries, sometimes focuses a bit more heavily in the self-development arena than the action arena; more on fit bodies than bodies working for change; more on personal serenity than engagement with persistent problems in the world.
Don't get me wrong. I fall into the "Cultural Creatives" category; I practice Aikido and yoga, take hikes in the woods, and care for my body and mind; but I've noticed a trend among my fellow Cultural Creatives that's sometimes unduly "I-focused," reminding me of the self-centeredness of tribalism, albeit in different clothing.
Here's an example: a friend was going through some personal challenges; one thing after another kept going wrong over the course of a week. Then a blizzard hit and her car got stuck in an embankment. She exclaimed, "What is Spirit trying to teach me?!" I couldn't help but notice how strangely narcissistic that comment (a bit out of a new age workbook) sounded, even though it seemed to reject typical complaining and boo-hooing in favor of learning and growth.
But whether it's Spirit, or the Universe, or one's God, the idea that an act of nature was directed at us personally to teach us something is pretty self-centered when you think about it. "Spirit's" blizzard affected millions of people. Was it truly directed at each victim of its fury to teach each one a lesson? – Zoe Weil
Much of science is failure, but it is a productive failure. This is a crucial distinction in how we think about failure. More importantly is that not all science is bad science. As with the exaggerated expectations, about the validity of scientific results has simply become over blown. Scientific facts are all provisional, all needing revision or sometimes even outright upending. But this is not bad; indeed it is critical to continued progress. Granted it’s difficult, because you can’t just believe everything you read. But let’s grow up and recognize that undeniable fact of life. – Stuart Firestein, Biologist
Prohibition did not work even in the Garden of Eden. Adam ate the apple. – Vincent Fox, Former President of Mexico
The highest form of ignorance is when you reject something you don’t know anything about. – Wayne Dyer
The secret of newness in life is not to do new things constantly, but to see everything with new eyes, new insight and a new perspective. – Brahma Kumaris
B Betters cognitive function: Exercise improves cognitive function and one thinks more efficiently and effectively.
2. Leads to clarity in thinking: People who exercise on working days are 25% more productive than those who do not. So if you wish to excel professionally too, make sure you squeeze a workout session in your busy schedule.
3. Signals release of key hormones: Cardiovascular exercises signal the brain to release the key hormones of serotonin dopamine and norepinephrine. These hormones reduce stress and elevate your mood and make you feel happier.
4. Improves memory: If you find it difficult to remember important things, runs your way to a better memory. Working out for over 30 min. can improve your memory function by 20%.
5. Develop decision-making skills: In a dilemma and not sure what to do? Go for a cardio exercise session. It floods the brain with chemicals which will help you think more effectively and even improve your decision making skills.
The very foundation of science is to keep the door open to doubt. Precisely because we keep questioning everything, especially our own premises, we are always ready to improve our knowledge. Therefore, a good scientist is never ‘certain’. Lack of certainty is precisely what makes conclusions more reliable than the conclusions of those who are certain: because the good scientist will be ready to shift to a different point of view if better elements of evidence or novel arguments emerge. Therefore, certainty is not only something of no use, but is in fact damaging, if we value reliability.
- Carlo Rovelli, Theoretical Physicist