Monday, April 30, 2018
Agricultural scientists talked about food production, food processing, food-security and now food-safety. Much had been discussed and efforts were taken to increase food production by improving the crop cultivars, agricultural practices and popularizing them to the beneficiaries like the farmers who depend mainly on the seasonal rains and market prices. To an extent the food production in India is somewhat satisfactory.
The food processing has taken a leap in preservation and increasing the shelf-life of food products. The attempt in this direction has led to processing industries linked with food production. Where ever such link exists the chain is moving alright. The processing industries and the supply chain have provided million of jobs for the skilled persons. grown providing self-employment to a large number of housekeepers both in urban and Food processing as a cottage industry has also rural areas.
Food-security is another important area considered by agricultural scientists and economists. The term ‘food-security’ was defined at the 1974 World Food Conference. “It is the availability at all times of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food consumption and to offset fluctuations in production and prices.” Later in 1996, World Food Summit stated that “food-security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” Food insecurity occurs when food production is affected by natural calamities such as drought, floods, fire etc. Also war, political instability, poor economic policies and famine caused by all these calamities bring food insecurity. So, sufficient stocks of food grains are stored by every government in its warehouses. So food-security is invariably taken care by respective governments and in small scales the families themselves.
The fourth important aspect much talked about and greater awareness created is the food-safety. It concerns the life and death of the consumers. Food-safety has to be taken care of at all levels like food production and food processing. Food provides energy to body and health to humans and animals. So, safe food is essential to energize these living beings. Sometimes we do find contaminated food items with toxic substances such as pesticides, heavy metals, some alkaloids and pathogens like bacteria, mould and fungi. Even some of the preservative and additives of the processed food may cause allergy to some people. There are food acts which give the clear-cut details about food-safety.
Of late, because of the concerns about food-safety, the concept of organic agriculture is popularized and more and more people started talking about food-safety. They consider that organically produced fresh food is safe to eat and also good for health. Rules and guidelines have been designed to grow and certify organic foods. Here and there in every city we do find some shops selling organic vegetables, fruits, grains and many other items. They claim that those produce are organically produced and processed and explain that they are safe to consume. Such organic products are costly because the yield of such crops is reduced by 30% by organic cultivation. Anyway food-safety is an important consideration we, the humans have to pay attention because we hear everyday death of people and animals due to food poisoning. Agricultural scientists are aware about the above mentioned four important aspects of food and they should take appropriate measures to tackle the ticklish problems.
There is a growing movement comprised of tens of millions of people (sometimes referred to as "Cultural Creatives"), who are open to new experiences and ideas and interested in leading lives that are fulfilled through connection rather than materialism or tribalism.
This movement seems primed to embrace the hard work of true global awareness that resists a largely self-centered worldview in favor of an expansive, we-are-all-neighbors perspective. It's an exciting shift with great promise. Yet this movement, so ripe for producing solutionaries, sometimes focuses a bit more heavily in the self-development arena than the action arena; more on fit bodies than bodies working for change; more on personal serenity than engagement with persistent problems in the world.
Don't get me wrong. I fall into the "Cultural Creatives" category; I practice Aikido and yoga, take hikes in the woods, and care for my body and mind; but I've noticed a trend among my fellow Cultural Creatives that's sometimes unduly "I-focused," reminding me of the self-centeredness of tribalism, albeit in different clothing.
Here's an example: a friend was going through some personal challenges; one thing after another kept going wrong over the course of a week. Then a blizzard hit and her car got stuck in an embankment. She exclaimed, "What is Spirit trying to teach me?!" I couldn't help but notice how strangely narcissistic that comment (a bit out of a new age workbook) sounded, even though it seemed to reject typical complaining and boo-hooing in favor of learning and growth.
But whether it's Spirit, or the Universe, or one's God, the idea that an act of nature was directed at us personally to teach us something is pretty self-centered when you think about it. "Spirit's" blizzard affected millions of people. Was it truly directed at each victim of its fury to teach each one a lesson? – Zoe Weil
Much of science is failure, but it is a productive failure. This is a crucial distinction in how we think about failure. More importantly is that not all science is bad science. As with the exaggerated expectations, about the validity of scientific results has simply become over blown. Scientific facts are all provisional, all needing revision or sometimes even outright upending. But this is not bad; indeed it is critical to continued progress. Granted it’s difficult, because you can’t just believe everything you read. But let’s grow up and recognize that undeniable fact of life. – Stuart Firestein, Biologist
Prohibition did not work even in the Garden of Eden. Adam ate the apple. – Vincent Fox, Former President of Mexico
The highest form of ignorance is when you reject something you don’t know anything about. – Wayne Dyer
The secret of newness in life is not to do new things constantly, but to see everything with new eyes, new insight and a new perspective. – Brahma Kumaris
B Betters cognitive function: Exercise improves cognitive function and one thinks more efficiently and effectively.
2. Leads to clarity in thinking: People who exercise on working days are 25% more productive than those who do not. So if you wish to excel professionally too, make sure you squeeze a workout session in your busy schedule.
3. Signals release of key hormones: Cardiovascular exercises signal the brain to release the key hormones of serotonin dopamine and norepinephrine. These hormones reduce stress and elevate your mood and make you feel happier.
4. Improves memory: If you find it difficult to remember important things, runs your way to a better memory. Working out for over 30 min. can improve your memory function by 20%.
5. Develop decision-making skills: In a dilemma and not sure what to do? Go for a cardio exercise session. It floods the brain with chemicals which will help you think more effectively and even improve your decision making skills.
The very foundation of science is to keep the door open to doubt. Precisely because we keep questioning everything, especially our own premises, we are always ready to improve our knowledge. Therefore, a good scientist is never ‘certain’. Lack of certainty is precisely what makes conclusions more reliable than the conclusions of those who are certain: because the good scientist will be ready to shift to a different point of view if better elements of evidence or novel arguments emerge. Therefore, certainty is not only something of no use, but is in fact damaging, if we value reliability.
- Carlo Rovelli, Theoretical Physicist
Friday, March 30, 2018
Earning money is very important for everyone. So we all earn money by various methods. Some are legal and others illegal. All these money thus earned are used or rather spent for buying food items, dresses, paying bills, buying vehicles, houses and other essential items for our family members. At the same time, some money is saved for the future use. In fact, the money earned is spared to others directly or indirectly.
Spending money is to get something like goods and services, hence our money goes to various people who sell these goods and services and in turn the money flows to all the people involved in the production and processing of goods and also to people who are involved in offering us short and long term services. Thus our money is penetrating into all strata of people to make the economy of our country strong. In other words a bit of our money is in everything and everywhere. Direct or indirect spending certainly helps people around us and us too. Thus large number of people gets their job and involve in this money transfer or spread. It’s a kind of economics I suppose.
Indirect spreading of money happens by depositing it in banks or investing in stock market or in business. The banks offer interest against savings and fixed deposit accounts. Similarly the stock market yields more or less money depending on the market fluctuations. The money we invest in banks, stock markets or in business are being reinvested or loaned again in various projects with a handsome interest. A part of such interest is credited to us. So the money we have can yield us more money too.
On the other hand if we keep the money in a locker it doesn’t grow; it remains idle. It doesn’t benefit others! It is ‘still’ or ‘dead’ money. Such locked up money will not bring economic growth in a country. The so called ‘black money’ is the ‘still’ or ‘dead’ money. Some of us buy gold and keep it in lockers of bank safely. They may bring in more money when the price of gold increases, but it doesn’t help the circulation or spreading of money to accelerate the motion of economics.
The people who have religious faith liberally donate money/gold to temples like the one at Tiruvananthapuram, Tirupathi, Sabarimalai and many other places in India. Huge amount of gold bars and money are idle with these temples. Of course small part of these donations is used for certain social services like health care and education. However, the wealth thus accumulated is going on growing day by day.
In fact, money not used cannot promote the economic growth of a country. Vibrant economy is result of vibrant use, spending, spreading and investment of our money. Banks do their job of advertizing for various projects for investing money and try to collect as much money as possible from the public to loan out for infrastructure growth, real estate establishments, various kinds of businesses, transportation etc. Sometimes some people loot these loans and disappear and migrate to other countries. There are some incidents in the recent past. I feel economics work at all levels of our everyday life. If we think seriously, we can improve our country’s economy to a great extent. The point is: Do not keep your money idle, invest and make it to grow.
Great ideas begin with thinking. Our Corporate militates against thinking because we are evaluated on our output with emphasis on the out. Thinking is given a low priority because we tend not to value it. Managers can encourage others to take the time to think by doing it themselves and talking about it. Not everything we conceive of should be attempted, but when one idea is combined with two, three, or four others, the result might turn out to be a breakthrough. Make a habit of talking about ideas.
We live in a globalized world. We eat foods produced across the globe; we use electronics whose components come from dozens of places around the world; we can communicate instantaneously with anyone anywhere who has a computer with wi fi or a cell phone.
With globalization has come awareness. We can quickly know about the conditions under which people live and work in other countries. We can find out about the plight of other species, or about pollution or deforestation. If the nightly news doesn't report on these issues, we can discover them through our computers in minutes.
Knowing so much changes us. Or at least has the potential to change us. It enables us to be less tribal, provincial, and self-centered; to think of others outside our family, neighborhood, and even nation; to dwell as often on those we affect as on what affects us.
This is a good thing, but it's not an easy thing. Being aware of global atrocities, suffering, and destruction is hard and requires commitment, will, and effort. Being focused primarily on oneself and one's family, friends, and associates comes more naturally and easily. After all, we've evolved with this tribal mentality for millennia.
The problem is that this sort of modern tribalism backfires in a globalized world. We are not only complicit in the warming of our planet, the toxins entering our waterways, the exploitation of others in distant lands, which breeds conflict, resentment, and hostility; we are also ultimately negatively affected by these things. –Zoe Weil
A few basic lifestyle changes can bring a long-lasting desired difference for a healthier and happier life. Here are some tips.
1. Eat a rainbow everyday: Opt for colors. Make sure you eat your greens, reds, whites, purples and oranges because these colored fruits and vegetables contain key chemicals. These help us to fight off diseases and strengthen the immune system and keep us in good shape.
2. Go vegetarian once a week (for non-vegetarians): Go vegetarian for one day a week for dietary or religious reasons is a small change in the diet that can improve your health. This extra fiber will improve bowel function and tribute to the nutritional value of your diet.
3. Limit alcohol and smoking consumption: Limit your levels of indulgence. The combination of alcohol and smoking not only affects liver and lungs, as well as increase cholesterol levels, it also has a negative impact on memory.
4. Physical health and weight management: It is important to have routine preventive health check-ups done so that one can predict the problems in the health and can manage them and prevent them. Weight management seems to be the centre of good health. Maintaining normal weight not only reduces heart diseases, but also prevents certain cancers like breast cancer.
5. Keep abreast of social activities: Meeting people socially is an extremely important human behavior and one must always enjoy being a part of the society. However, it is best to avoid late nights as this can affect both the mental and physical health.
6. Balance, balance, balance: Live a balanced life. Practice this philosophy of balance in everything in what your daily routine is, what you eat, who you meet, what is your activity level, how much you sleep and how much you sleep and how much you eat.